Giving Care: Senior & Disabled Caregiver Resource Blog

A Manifesto For Radical Inclusion

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Intro by Giving Care Team:
A new philosophy around the support of people with changing cognitive abilities is needed; dementia patients are especially prone to the harms of stigma, stereotype, and segregation. Below, Dr. Al Power proposes a manifesto for all to read and act on.



The hallmark of this philosophy is that we not only stop putting the illness before the person; we actually relegate it to a place where it is no longer a barrier to inclusion and engagement in all things. Here are a few of the precepts that immediately come to mind:


  • The person will not be stereotyped or stigmatized—not by a diagnosis of dementia, nor by the age of onset, type of pathology, or any system of staging.
  • All opportunities for living should enable diverse engagement, and people should not be segregated due to the label of dementia (or the stage).
  • All opportunities for social interaction should enable a similar degree of diverse engagement.
  • Different cognitive abilities should be given the same status as other differently-abled adults, with legal protection and workplace concessions to help keep any person gainfully employed who can reasonably do so.
  • Those who are unable to be gainfully employed should have access to volunteer opportunities that meet her/his desires and abilities, and to access a full range of civic, leisure, educational, and aesthetic experiences.
  • Every person has a right to know her/his diagnosis, and all discussions around aspects of medical treatment should involve the person, physically present, with all attempts made to communicate the information and ascertain one’s preferences.
  • Capacity in any decision should be presumed first unless proven otherwise, and incapacity for one decision should not automatically determine incapacity for other decisions without a more thorough and nuanced investigation.
  • No national plan or policy discussions should take place without the input of several representative people living with the diagnosis. There should be no tokenism; rather, the same sized contingent that would reasonably represent any other interest group in a policy discussion.
  • All ethics committees convened to review proposed research should include representation by people living with the diagnosis.
  • Ideally, people living with the diagnosis should inform research of all types—to reflect on the goals and give an opinion as to whether they feel the nature of the research would be of benefit to society at large.
  • Communities must retool to become more inclusive of people living with different cognitive abilities (much in the way ADA has changed access for those with different physical abilities—but along the lines of “cognitive ramps,” as I discuss in my talks and writing). And once again, such planning needs to include a fair representation of people living with the diagnosis.
  • Education should target not only professional staff and family members, but also the community at large, in order to better accommodate successful community inclusion.
  • Education needs to be holistic, proactive, and strengths-based, and focus on wellness, not simply illness. Ideally, people living with the diagnosis should have an opportunity to vet course syllabi on the topic and to actively participate in the teaching.
  • Educational conferences should make every attempt to include people living with the diagnosis—on planning committees, as speakers, and as volunteers or paid staffers.
  • Stigmatized language regarding the person should be regarded to be as unacceptable as similar language that has been banned from use for other groups, defined by their race, creed, nationality, illness, or ability.


As Daniella Greenwood of Arcare Aged Care once said to me, “At its core, everything is relational.” The separation of people living with a diagnosis of dementia from all facets of life not only marginalizes, stigmatizes, and disempowers them, it also catastrophically disrupts this central relational dynamic, either by severing important relationships, or by reframing them within an unhealthy power dynamic of “carer-sufferer,” which denies opportunities for meaning and growth and leads to excess disability.


This article first appeared on

Written by Dr. Al Power


About Dr. Al Power, Guest Blogger

al power
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Al Power is a geriatrician, author, musician, and an international educator on transformational models of care for older adults, particularly those living with changing cognitive abilities. You can follow his speaking schedule at

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